Chief Standing Bear Map

map mission and user guide

MAY 16-JULY 9, 1877

After being forced into Indian Territory by the U.S. government, the Ponca tribe set out for present-day Oklahoma. This map follows the trail taken by Chief Standing Bear when he led his tribe back to the new territory assigned for the Poncas. This maps aims to create a visual representation of the long trail the Poncas had to travel by foot. Along the hundreds of miles they have to walk, the tribe underwent all sort of difficulties, including weather inclemencies and lost over 100 members of the tribe, including Standing Bear's son: Bear Shield. After arriving to a land that was not fit for the Ponca lifestyle, Standing Bear decided to return back to their homeland together with a small commitive, in order to bury his son. Upon his arrival to the Omaha reservation, Standing Bear was arrested and judged, beginning one of the most important cases for the legal status of Native American people and setting an example for the widespread application of Human Rights all over the country.


The points on the map are color-coded to represent specific events. Orange dots represent important locations, such as reservations and the District Court where Standing Bear's trial took place. Red dots represent deaths that occurred on the journey to Indian Territory. White dots represent the formal burials that were carried out for Prairie Flower and White Buffalo Girl. Blue dots represent journal entries from Agent E.A. Howard along the trail.

1877 Report on Ponca Removal


1877 Report on Ponca Removal



Journal of Indian Agent E.A. Howard detailing the journey of the Ponca from their homeland to the Quapaw Reservation in Indian Territory. Annual report from Commissioner Ezra Hayt about the Ponca.


Edwin A. Howard, Indian Agent for the Ponca
Ezra Ayres Hayt, Commissioner of Indian Affairs


Annual Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs to the Secretary of the Interior for the Year 1877


Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.
Department of the Interior




Department of the Interior




Annual report, journal


Annual Report, 1877

Original Format

Paper volume


howard 1877.pdf
hayt 1877.pdf



Edwin A. Howard, Indian Agent for the Ponca and Ezra Ayres Hayt, Commissioner of Indian Affairs, “1877 Report on Ponca Removal,” Chief Standing Bear Map, accessed October 24, 2021,

Document Viewer

Click below to view a document.