Chief Standing Bear Map

map mission and user guide

MAY 16-JULY 9, 1877

After being forced into Indian Territory by the U.S. government, the Ponca tribe set out for present-day Oklahoma. This map follows the trail taken by Chief Standing Bear when he led his tribe back to the new territory assigned for the Poncas. This maps aims to create a visual representation of the long trail the Poncas had to travel by foot. Along the hundreds of miles they have to walk, the tribe underwent all sort of difficulties, including weather inclemencies and lost over 100 members of the tribe, including Standing Bear's son: Bear Shield. After arriving to a land that was not fit for the Ponca lifestyle, Standing Bear decided to return back to their homeland together with a small commitive, in order to bury his son. Upon his arrival to the Omaha reservation, Standing Bear was arrested and judged, beginning one of the most important cases for the legal status of Native American people and setting an example for the widespread application of Human Rights all over the country.

Legend

The points on the map are color-coded to represent specific events. Orange dots represent important locations, such as reservations and the District Court where Standing Bear's trial took place. Red dots represent deaths that occurred on the journey to Indian Territory. White dots represent the formal burials that were carried out for Prairie Flower and White Buffalo Girl. Blue dots represent journal entries from Agent E.A. Howard along the trail.

Text Documents

Title

Text Documents

Description

Text documents related to the Ponca Tribe and their removal.

Collection Items

1877 Report on Ponca Removal
Journal of Indian Agent E.A. Howard detailing the journey of the Ponca from their homeland to the Quapaw Reservation in Indian Territory. Annual report from Commissioner Ezra Hayt about the Ponca.

Resolution from the Nebraska State Legislature in support of the proposed Chief Standing Bear trail.

The War Bonnet
Description of Standing Bear's gifting of his "war bonnet" headdress to A.J. Poppleton.

1878 Report on Ponca in Indian Territory
Journal of Indian Agent William H. Whiteman detailing the Ponca's resettlement in Indian Territory. Annual report from Commissioner Ezra Hayt.

1879 Report on Ponca in Indian Territory
Journal of Indian Agent William H. Whiteman on Ponca resettlement on new lands in Indian Territory. Annual report from Commissioner Ezra Hayt about the Ponca.
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